Bikeability is a measure of how friendly an area is to cycling and has many health, environmental, and economic benefits. Evaluating bikeability requires the consideration of many factors such as: the presence or absence and quality and connected bikeways that may include on-road routes or separated trails, paths or sidewalks, traffic and road conditions, safety and individual cyclist comfort level.

   Several factors influence a rider’s comfort level riding a particular route.

  • A cyclist needs to develop skills (balance, coordination, reaction time, strength, stamina and concentration) and confidence so a beginner cyclist might consider a route dangerous while a more experienced cyclist might feel quite comfortable on the same route.
  • Cyclist comfort riding with motor vehicles varies greatly and conditions along roadways vary greatly. Comfort level generally boils down to traffic volume, traffic speed and the distance between the cyclist and traffic. 



  •       Vehicle Speed + Lane Width + Traffic Level = Cyclist Stress Level



    Two things improve the comfort level and increase ridership for bicyclists of all skill levels:

    • Separation from motor vehicles (wider lanes, bike lanes, paths or paved shoulder)
    • Road design or law enforcement that slows or “calms” traffic

    Rating Bikeability resources:

    Does a community need a lot of bike paths or bike lanes on every road to be bikeable?

    Not necessarily. Infrastructure improvements such as bike lanes and paths are great for welcoming cyclists and increasing the number of people riding bikes. But they do not always deliver the expected safety benefit. Poorly designed bike facilities can actually decrease safety and encourage bad riding habits.

    What improves safety for bicyclists?

    1. Increased ridership: Cyclists visible and common in the area increases safety
    2. Educated and respectful Cyclists & Motorists

    The more people bicycle in a community, the safer it is for bicyclists. When motorists are used to seeing bikes on the road, they learn how to drive with them and look out for them more. Cyclists can protect themselves by following the rules of the road and learning how to avoid the most common mistakes bicyclists and motorists make.



  • AttachmentSize
    Benefits of shoulders or bike lanes for all road users.pdf81.52 KB